Paediatric ophthalmology is a subspecialty of ophthalmology that concentrates on treating the various eye problems affecting children. Studies show that a lot of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and learning issues in children can be attributed to vision problems.
Research shows that 1 out of 6 kids has vision related issues.Some of the most common issues affecting the little ones include:
Eye diseases in newborns include:
It is essential to address and rectify the issues in newborns as soon as possible. If not treated within the first six months of the childs birth, theres a good possibility that the child gets visually impaired for the rest of his/her life. The reason being, the optic nerve connecting the eyes to the brain is still developing and if any prevalent disease is not treated on time, there could be a permanent disconnect between the eyes and brain, eventually leading to total blindness.
As a parent one should take their child in routine for a comprehensive eye check.While problems like squint or drooping of eyelids can be easily noticed, finding issues related to lazy eye & refractive errors could be quite a challenge to the parents. Since most of the children do not report the problems to their parents for often hence they can lack the ability to understand that theres been a change in their vision.
The behavioral pattern like watching TV from a close distance or excessively straining to read from a book or performing badly at school all of a sudden can be symptoms of vision illness and which should be immediately considered for a doctor visit.